Diseases

News digest – NHS staff shortages, HPV vaccine in Rwanda, prostate cancer guidelines and sunscreen chemicals

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Brexit is exacerbating NHS nurse disaster

The variety of NHS nurses and midwives from the EU has dropped from simply over 38,000 in 2017 to 33,000 in 2019, in response to figures from the Nursing and Midwifery Council. That’s drop of virtually 5,000 nurses in 2 years. And over half of these leaving stated Brexit had performed a task in their choice. Then again, the figures present an enormous rise in the variety of nurses and midwives coming into the UK to work from exterior of the EU, rising by 126% in the final yr. The Guardian has the story.

In a Authorities technique leaked to the Occasions (£), NHS leaders highlighted the necessity to make use of tens of hundreds of nurses from overseas in the following 5 years to handle important shortages.

First sustained drop in GPs numbers for 50 years

BBC News coated new evaluation from the Nuffield Belief displaying the UK is experiencing its first sustained fall in GP numbers for the reason that 1960s. However demand is rising, largely as a consequence of an ageing and rising inhabitants. And survey outcomes from Pulse discovered greater than half of GPs say they’re working above secure limits, finishing 11 hour days on common. Labour chief, Jeremy Corbyn, referenced the survey in Prime Minister’s Questions to focus on the pressures NHS workforce are dealing with.

It’s not the primary time NHS staff shortages have hit the information. In latest months reviews have highlighted a rising scarcity of cancer docs and pathologists, all of which might be important to satisfy the Authorities’s ambition of diagnosing three in four cancer sufferers on the earliest stage by 2028.

Nationwide screening programmes not hitting their targets

News regarding docs, nurses and the NHS has been trending this week and extra continues to return. The Unbiased and Mail On-line coated a report by MPs on the four nationwide screening programmes for adults, together with screening programmes for bowel, breast and cervical cancer. The report discovered that not one of many programmes screened the variety of individuals they need to have in 2017-18. The place the bowel screening goal of 60% was solely simply missed (59.6%), the breast cancer screening programme was eight% off its 80% goal. Failure to satisfy these targets has been linked to dated IT infrastructure and a failure to beat limitations that stop explicit teams of individuals attending screening.

‘Watch and wait’ strategy advisable for sure low threat circumstances of prostate cancer

The Nationwide Institute for Well being and Care Excellence (NICE) has stated that in sure circumstances of low threat prostate cancer, there’s no survival profit to having remedy. In new prostate cancer guidelines, NICE advisable docs ought to provide sufferers a ‘watch and wait’ strategy and focus on the potential professionals and cons of present process remedy. Round eight,000 of the 47,000 males recognized with prostate cancer every year might be affected by this variation in observe, as The Telegraph reviews.

New drug for aggressive childhood mind cancer exhibits promise in mice

Scientists on the Institute of Cancer Analysis in London are on the hunt for medication that may assist deal with an aggressive childhood mind cancer, referred to as diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). They first found a possible goal again in 2014, discovering that 1 in four tumours carry a fault in a gene linked to a uncommon situation that turns muscle to bone. And in new analysis coated by the Unbiased, they’ve recognized a drug that may kill cells with this gene fault in the lab and in mice. However whereas the analysis is a massively promising begin, the drug has acquired an extended approach to go – a incontrovertible fact that was lacking from the press launch title and headlines.

HPV vaccination in Rwanda

A Mosaic article takes an in-depth have a look at Rwanda’s marketing campaign to scale back cervical cancer charges although a HPV vaccination programme. The article covers Rwanda’s altering attitudes to vaccination and excellently highlights a number of the key components that may assist decide the success of the programme, together with political assist, the price of vaccination and overcoming social taboos.

US research suggests ‘fitter’ individuals are at a decrease threat of lung and bowel cancers

Forbes coated a US research suggesting ‘fitter’ individuals had been much less more likely to develop each lung and bowel cancer. However the outcomes are removed from clear. The research checked out medical data from 50,000 individuals to hyperlink one-off cardio health assessments and cancer incidence. Nevertheless it’s laborious to deduce an excessive amount of about health from a single check and even tougher to use these outcomes to the overall inhabitants, because the assessments had been carried out on individuals who had gone to their physician with signs like chest ache. And the research didn’t keep in mind some recognized threat components for cancer, like alcohol consumption and household historical past.

And at last…

Blissful Solar Consciousness Week! And moving into the spirit of issues The Telegraph requested the query: ‘is every little thing we thought we knew about solar safety improper?’ The reply – probably not, no. The paper coated a small research trying on the stage of sure chemicals in sunscreen and discovered that some could make their manner into the bloodstream at ranges far greater than what’s thought of to be secure by the US Meals and Drug Administration. However by the research’s personal admission, it used extremely giant quantities of solar cream. Everybody in the research, all 24 of them, utilized the equal of two bottles of sunscreen over four days, a lot greater than what’s usually used. It’s one thing specialists say ought to be investigated additional.

Ethan is a information and content material officer at Cancer Analysis UK 

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