Diseases

Our 5 largest most cancers analysis tales from 2018

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It’s been one other busy yr in most cancers analysis. From taking essential steps in direction of tackling essentially the most aggressive cancers to creating remedies kinder for youngsters, these are our 5 largest analysis tales from 2018.

1. A highlight on mind tumours

Mind tumours have been laborious to deal with for too lengthy, with just one in 7 individuals surviving their illness for a decade or longer. That’s why we got down to change these odds and launched our Mind Tumour Awards this yr, an £18 million dedication to tackle among the best challenges in mind tumour analysis which might be holding again progress.

The 6 areas we have to work on to revolutionise remedy for mind tumours:

One of many issues with remedy for mind tumours is that it’s laborious to develop medicine that attain the mind. And once they do, these medicine could cause unwanted side effects. This yr, we visited our scientists in Edinburgh who’re looking for out if implanting particular metallic beads into the realm the place a tumour is eliminated throughout surgical procedure might swap on a chemo drug to kill the tumour cells which might be typically left behind.

To find out how our Edinburgh scientists are tackling mind tumours, watch this video.

2. Decreasing remedy unwanted side effects for youngsters’s most cancers

Most cancers remedy can include unwanted side effects. And whenever you’re a baby that has much more rising to do, they’ll typically be life-changing. We’re aiming to make higher and kinder remedies for youngsters and younger individuals with most cancers. And the outcomes of our SIOPEL 6 trial, introduced this yr, are actually a step in the proper course. The video under explains how a drug combo we examined within the trial reduces listening to loss in younger individuals who’ve been handled with chemotherapy for a sure kind of liver most cancers.

We additionally opened the Most cancers Analysis UK Youngsters’s Mind Tumour Centre of Excellence. This £three million funding goals to speed up progress in growing remedies for youngsters and younger individuals with mind tumours. Learn this put up for the main points.

three. One-off prostate most cancers blood take a look at doesn’t save lives

There’s no UK screening programme for prostate most cancers as a result of the blood take a look at that will be used, referred to as the PSA (or prostate particular antigen) take a look at, isn’t dependable sufficient. Our analysis, printed this yr, confirmed that the take a look at doesn’t save lives when given to males with out signs of prostate most cancers as a one-off test. This put up explains what the PSA take a look at is and the newest analysis, with specialists saying that future analysis can now deal with discovering new methods to detect and deal with essentially the most aggressive prostate cancers early.

four. Causes of most cancers up to date

A landmark Most cancers Analysis UK examine, printed in March, seemed on the issues in our lives that trigger most cancers and calculated what number of instances within the UK are linked to every of those danger components. It discovered that greater than 135,000 instances of most cancers may very well be prevented by means of adjustments comparable to stopping smoking, preserving a wholesome weight and consuming a nutritious diet. This weblog put up has the main points.

Tackling on-line misinformation

Most cancers is rarely removed from the headlines, however they don’t all the time inform the complete story. This yr we set the document straight on worries that cellphones trigger mind tumours, checked out why claims that vaping causes most cancers are wildly deceptive and defined why analysis behind ‘easy blood take a look at’ headlines is normally removed from easy. In the event you’re eager to learn the way to identify potential misinformation about most cancers your self, listed below are our 6 ideas.

5. New insights into kidney most cancers

Scientists on the Francis Crick Institute, funded by Most cancers Analysis UK, confirmed that trying right into a illness’s previous might predict its future. They printed a trio of scientific papers detailing how kidney cancers change as they develop and develop over time, singling out the ‘killers’ from the cancers which might be much less aggressive. This analysis will play an important position in making kidney most cancers remedy extra private. Our weblog put up explains all.

It’s your beneficiant donations that make progress like this occur. Thanks a lot to your help in 2018, we want you all the most effective for the New Yr.

Gabi

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